1914-18          Rayne War Memorial       1939-45


In Memory of
Private 232961
2nd Bn.9 London Regt (Royal Fusiliers)
who died on Thursday, 16th August 1917.
Age 38.
War Graves
            Casualty_Details :       459157
Personal Information

Date of birth 2nd December 1878.

Son of Arthur Richardson (widower) and the late Harriet (Nee Page) who died in 1890 aged 36, of Braintree Rd., Rayne,Essex. They were married at All Saints on 18th May 1876

. Albert had a brother, Frank , two sisters Rose and Helen, and another brother Richard. Albert went to Rayne School, being admitted on 5th December 1885, leaving on 15th January 1892.

Enlisted at Stoke Newington.

Memorial: Grave
Reference/Panel Number:

HOOGE CRATER CEMETERY, leper, West-Vlaanderen, Belgium. V. C. 6

Hooge Crater Cemetery is located 4 kilometres east of leper town centre on the Meenseweg (N8) connecting leper to Menen. From leper town centre the Meenseweg is located via Torhoutstraat and right onto Basculestraat. Basculestraat ends at a main crossroads, directly over which begins the Meenseweg. The cemetery itself is located 3.6 kilometres along the Meenseweg on the right hand side of the road.

Hooge Chateau and its stables, on the North side of the road were the scene of very fierce fighting during the War. On the 31st October, 1914, the staff of the 1st and 2nd Divisions were wiped out by shell fire in the Chateau. From the 24th May to the 3rd June, 1915, the Chateau was defended against German attacks. In July, 1915, the Crater, on the North side of the road, was made by a mine sprung by the 3rd Division. On the 30* the Germans took the Chateau, and on the 9th August, it and the Crater were regained by the 6th Division. The Germans retook Hooge on the 6th June, 1916; and on the 31st July, 1917, the 8th Division advanced 1.6 kilometres beyond it. It was lost for the last time in April, 1918, and regained by the 9th (Scottish) and 29th Division on the 28th September. The Kings Royal Rifle Corps Memorial stands near the Chateau. Hooge Crater Cemetery was begun by the 7* Division Burial Officer early in October, 1917. It contained originally 76 graves, in Rows A to D, of Plot 1. It was greatly increased after the Armistice by the concentration of graves from Zantvoorde and Gheluvelt.

There are now nearly 6,000, 1914-18 war casualties commemorated in this site. Of those, over 3,500 are unidentified, and special memorials record the names of soldiers from the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia and New Zealand, known or believed to be among them. Other special memorials bear the names of twelve soldiers from the United Kingdom, buried at La Chapelle Farm, and two buried in Kruiseecke German Cemetery, whose graves were destroyed by shell fire. The cemetery covers an area of 14,263 square metres.

The following were among the smaller burial grounds from which graves were concentrated to Hooge Crater Cemetery:-

BASS WOOD CEMETERIES No. 1 and No. 2 Zillebeke, on the East side of the Bassevillebeek, 800 metres South of Herenthage Chateau. The contained the graves of 48 soldiers from the United Kingdom who fell in December, 1917 - March 1918.

KOELENBERG GERMAN CEMETERIES, GHELUWE, close together on the South side of the Menin Road, in which were buried ten soldiers from the United Kingdom.

K.O.S.B. CEMETERY, GHELUWE, on the Menin Road, 800 metres West of Gheluwe. Here were buried, after the capture of Gheluwe by the 34th Division, in October, 1918, 18 soldiers from the United Kingdom, of whom ten belonged to the I^/S* K.O.S.B.

LA CHAPELLE FARM, ZILLEBEKE, between Chester Farm and Blauwepoort Farm, where 17 soldiers from the United Kingdom were buried in February and March, 1915.

MENIN ROAD PILLBOX CEMETERY, ZILLEBEKE, between Herenthage Chateau and Gheluvelt, where 20 soldiers from the United Kingdom were buried in October, 1917.

NIEUWE KRUISEECKE CABARET CEMETERY, GHELUVELT, ON THE South side of the Menin Road, where 21 soldiers from the United Kingdom and one from Canada were buried in October, 1918.

PILLBOX CEMETERY, ZONNEBEKE, 460 metres North-East of Westhoek, which was used in October, 1917; there were buried 34 soldiers from Australia, 26 from the United Kingdom, two from Canada and one of the British West Indies Regiment.

SANCTUARY WOOD OLD BRITISH CEMETERY, ZILLEBEKE, within the wood and North-East of the present cemetery, there were buried in it, in 1915-1917, 50 soldiers from the United Kingdom (of whom 30 were unidentified) and four from Canada.

TOWER HAMLETS CEMETERY, GHELUVELT, between Gheluvelt and Bass Wood, on the West side of a row of "pillboxes" called Tower Hamlets; it contained the graves of 36 soldiers from the United Kingdom who fell in the winter of 1917-1918.

WESTHOEK RIDGE SMALL CEMETERY, ZONNEBEKE, in Westhoek village, "near the Area Commandant's pillbox and the A.D.S."; it was used in the autumn of 1917, and it contained the graves of 16 soldiers from Australia and six from the United Kingdom.

Theatre of War

Private Richardson died during the Third Battle of Ypres in the summer of 1917. His regiment was attacking along the Menin Road, near the hamlet of Hooge. Although it was August, the weather had been bad for some time and the countryside around Ypres was already saturated. Over the following weeks the rain continued and the area became a sea of mud and water.